The Långaryd Family
By Per Andersson & Johan
The Långaryd Family includes a total of approximately 254 000 people
(including in-laws and similar), spanning 19 generations. Approximately 190
000 of the family members are still alive and represent almost 2 percent of
population. The parish of all time that counts most relatives are Långaryd
in the province of Småland on the border of Halland (in current municipality of Hylte). Family members have spread
to 289 of Sweden's 290
municipalities, all 50 states in the USA, and to 70 other countries.
The starting point of the family is the district public prosecutor
Anders Jönsson (ca. 1662–1716) and his wife Ingrid
Nilsdotter (1676–1753) of Långaryd. Their descendants began to be explored
in the 1970s. The survey has later on been extended to both his and her
ancestors and those derived from them, i.e. siblings etc. to Anders and
descendants are published in a family book, and the first version was
printed in 1988. The most recent report of all family members is a book
series in six volumes, whose last part was released
in August 2014.
The recently traced descendants in this volume number 6 derive (like
all ones in part 1–4 and even many in the number 5) from Anders Jönsson's
oldest known ancestor, the Långaryd farmer Simon (born in the early 1500s).
This book contains the descendants of both Anders' sister Elisabeth
Jönsdotter (ca. 1668–1705) of Södra Tunnerbohult in the parish of Södra
Hestra, and their uncle Nils Larsson (ca. 1644–1704) of Holmen in Långaryd.
Relatives who want to purchase the new family tree book may order by
e-mail. The book holds 760 pages of 170x250 mm. There is
a family name and a place name index. The cost for the book is SEK 495 (EUR
56 or USD 80). Postage rate in addition is SEK 260 (EUR 29) for Europe and
SEK 300 (USD 47) for America
and other continents. We intend to ship the books during September 2014.
The family has twice been listed in the Guinness Book of Records: as
the largest mapped family from 1988, and for having gathered the biggest
family reunion with more than 2 500 participants in Långaryd in 1991. At
the same place the descendants came together even in 1999 and erected a
memorial stone to Anders and Ingrid.
The exploration of the family is headed by Per Andersson and Johan
Preface of the
books of 2006
The most fundamental relation between human beings is the kinship –
based on a common origin – and the primary belonging of an individual is to
the circle of relatives. Therefore family knowledge is fundamental for the
knowledge about a society and its history. Each family reflects the local
community and the nation to which it belongs, giving proof of social
changes and patterns of geographical movements. To the individual and his
family genealogical knowledge is a matter of vital importance for understanding
their own role in time and space.
This book contributes to the description of the Långaryd Family
(Långarydssläkten) with its starting-point in the district public prosecutor
Anders Jönsson (ca. 1662–1716) and his wife Ingrid Nilsdotter (ca. 1676–1753)
in the parish of Långaryd in the southern Swedish province
of Småland, bordering on the province of Halland. The family includes all
persons deriving their origin from these progenitors, i. e. their
descendants on male as well as female lines. From Jöns Andersson of
Långaryd, who was the father of Anders Jönsson and the first known member
of the family, to his latest offspring is a span of 15 generations. In the
books are listed descendants during 300 years so far traced out, including
persons married (or similar) into the family. By their common extraction
all offspring are each other's kinsfolk, most distantly 12th cousins.
About 70 per cent of all family members known are still alive and belonging
to the seven last generations of the family.
The total number of persons in the family is at least 149 000. This
extent has made the Långaryd Family the world's largest family charted. As
holder of the world record the family is since 1988 listed in the Swedish
edition of Guinness Book of Records, in which it also occurs
because of its family gathering at Långaryd in 1991 which, on account of
its more than 2 500 participants, became the biggest one in the world. At
the same place a lot of descendants crowded also in 1999 to erect a
memorial stone to the memory of the ancestors.
As a consequence of intermarriages – approximately 1 370 – between
already related descendants some of the family members occur at more than
one branch; as far as it is known the purest descendant counts no less than
twelve lines to the progenitor. The complete family tree with all its
branches known thus has in all 198 000 outgrowths, including those
married into the family.
A considerable number of the inhabitants of Långaryd and the surrounding
parishes in Småland and Halland belong to the family, e. g. more than half
the number of the present inhabitants of Långaryd. In addition countless
branches have spread to other parts of Sweden – to 289 out of 290
municipalities (all except Bjurholm in Västerbotten County in the North of
Sweden) – and to about 60 countries in all continents. In Halland County
there are family members in all approximately hundred parishes except one,
Idala. In 48 out of 50 federal states in the USA
there are offspring of the Långaryd Family progenitor (all except Delaware and Mississippi).
Some of the descendants have remained in the original district of the
family and still own, cultivate and inhabit farms that have belonged to the
family during centuries. Also socially the family is widely spread, and it
presents a transverse section of the community.
The mapping of the Långaryd Family has been going
on for almost 30 years. Per Andersson started the research about this
family, his maternal grandfather's, at the age of 14 in 1976. As time went
on quite a number of relatives contributed with investigating larger or
smaller parts of the family. The genealogical material was first published
at the beginning of 1988
in the form of the book Långarydsättlingar
(Långaryd Descendants). Later that year an enlarged second edition was
issued, followed in the same year by a supplement called Nya
Långarydsättlingar (More Långaryd Descendants). A
considerably enlarged edition of the family description came in 1990 under
the name of Långarydssläkten. In 1991 the large family
reunion was held in Långaryd, which further increased the interest in the
family. After that the mapping work has continued, above all by a lot of
new branches being added by relatives who found out that they belong to the
family, partly by the family member Johan Lindhardt, who in 1991 made an
index of personal names and place-names to the 1990 edition, systematically
following up not investigated branches of the family and bringing them to
present time. As a result the fifth version of the Långaryd Family
genealogy was edited in 1998. It was almost three times as comprehensive as
the very edition before and it also contains the complete material of the
four previous books. A continuation to the 1998 year's so called main book
was printed in 2002 as an supplement with seven newly mapped branches.
Finally, now there is a seventh edition i four volumes containing all
family members mapped, i.e. more than twice the number in the 1998 version.
Per Andersson's book Släkten Jehander,
edited in 1994 by Släktföreningen Jehander (The Jehander Family
Association), is an example of a more exhaustive description of a smaller
part of the entire family.
Exploring a family means an interplay between the
component and the entirety. At the same time the structure should be total
by knowledge of all persons' existence and the information on each and
everyone should be complete, correct and current.
The genealogical research is first and foremost
based upon the unique Swedish national registration documentation: parish
registers, which for more ancient times are kept in the provincial archives
and for more recent times at the parish civil registration office. For the
most recent years the national registration is computerized within the
local taxation offices located in places all over the country. Access to
the original sources has been reached by a large number of visits to the
archive authorities – such as almost 500 to a lot of parish registrar’s
offices – and by letter and by telephone. Information sources have also
been: CD data bases such as Sveriges dödbok (a register of deceased
Swedes) and The Swedish Population 1890, 1970 and 1980, lists of
inheritors, printed family and personal history works, and oral information
In the final phase of the family book process
proof sheets have been distributed to one representative of each little
part or branch of the family, whereby family members have given
supplementary information on themselves and their nearest kinsfolk. This is
considerably less time-consuming than tracing each descendant of our days
in the national registration, and in addition the procedure described has
made it possible to add fundamental information which in many cases is
missing in the national registration, e. g. profession, name most commonly
used, the person's own way of spelling his or her names, and cohabitation,
which today is as important as marriages in a genealogical description.
During the genealogical research a large number of letters, which can be
counted in tens of thousands, have been exchanged. In addition there have
been countless telephone calls and many personal visits.
In spite of all efforts to collect complete
information some omissions still remain. The principal reason for lack of
information concerning persons of today is that letters with proofs
distributed have not been answered or answered incompletely. Although the
frequencies of answers to the 13 000 distributed proof sheets was very
high, about two out of three.
The genealogy consists of hundreds of thousands
single data, and our ambition is of course that each of them will be
correct. Nevertheless faults occur, and we ask for the reader’s apology for
those mistakes that maybe have been printed. As soon as we get information
about some incorrect information we will correct in our material.
All sorts of completions and corrections from
persons doing research and from family members in common are welcome. They
may be single personal data, addition of persons formerly missed,
connecting branches through previously undetected intermarriages, or a
mapping of an unexplored branch. Also information on occurrences within the
family – new-born children, contracted and dissolved marriages, deaths,
changes of addresses, etc – will be received thankfully.
For keeping the contact with the family members
there is a web site, www.langarydsslakten.se, and also an electronic
newsletter (in Swedish) distributed to those who send us their e-mail
The genealogical investigation of the many-headed
Långaryd Family has been met with an overwhelming response. Thousands of
relatives have generously contributed with valuable information. With great
appreciation and joy we have also received many kind and encouraging
greetings from relatives far and near.
To everyone who has helpfully contributed with
bigger or smaller efforts to the realization of this work we hereby express
our warmest thanks. The great majority of the descendants now living and in
addition some other persons have taken part in the work with the book,
either by just giving information on his or her own name most commonly used
or by collecting data about members of his or her branch of the family or
by contributing with their own research results. In spite of honest efforts
it has finally turned out to be quite impossible to draw a fair distinction
between contributory researchers and relatives
delivering information about themselves, and point out those whose
contribution has been of the greatest importance for the family mapping.
Instead we will let the entire family book serve as a catalogue of
collaborators and we wish that each and every one of them by this will
receive our thanks for the valuable additions – great or small – that have
made this great book possible.
The origin and expansion of
The progenitor of the Långaryd Family, the local district public
prosecutor Anders Jönsson of
Långaryd, died at his farm Höljeryd in the year 1716 at the age of 54, and
he was buried on April 22nd; thus he was born around 1662. His
wife Ingrid Nilsdotter died at
the farm Hälghult in the same parish on February 9th, 1753, 77
years old, which means she was born approximately in 1676. The parents of
Anders Jönsson were Jöns Andersson
and his wife Elin Larsdotter of
Höljeryd. They represents the first of the 15 generations of which we know
The Långaryd Family is divided into six branches, each one stemming
from one of the six grown-up children of Anders Jönsson and Ingrid
a Anna Andersdotter
(1697–1753), married 1717 to Anders Johansson (1687–1768), district public
prosecutor, farmer at Hälghult, Långaryd
b Kerstin Andersdotter
(1700–1734), married 1723 to Jöns Hansson (1691–1771), glazier master,
farmer at Höljeryd and Bockshult, Långaryd, a brother of the second wife of
his brother-in-law Jöns
C Jöns Andersson
(1702–1776), farmer at Höljeryd, Långaryd, married 1:o 1725 to Regina
Olofsdotter (ca 1697–1730), married 2:o 1736 to Ingeborg Hansdotter
(1709–1785), a sister of the husband of her sister-in-law Kerstin
d Ingeborg Andersdotter
(1704–1782), married 1:o 1725 to Per Andersson (ca 1681–1733), farm-owner
at Kråkås, Långaryd, married 2:o 1735 to Lars Larsson Örberg (1702–1768),
second lieutenant, merchant in Borås town, farm-owner at Kråkås
F Peter Andersson
(1707–1793), glazier master, farmer at Bälhult, Långaryd, married 1731 to
Karin Bengtsdotter (1712–1781)
H Nils Andersson
(1712–1770), farm owner at Eseryd, Långaryd, married 1737 to Anna
There were also two sons who died very young, Bengt [E] och Anders [G].
The family that Anders
Jönsson and Ingrid Nilsdotter created consists of at least 149 000 found
individuals, including spouses and similar. Two thirds of them are still
alive, belonging to the seven latest generations.
As a consequence of intermarriages – approximately 1 370 – between
already related descendants almost 20 000 family members occur at more than
one branch; as far as it is known the purest descendant counts no less than
twelve lines to the progenitor. The complete family tree with all its
branches known thus has in all 200 000 outgrowths, including those
married into the family. Among the about 149 000 family members
100 000 are descendants to the progenitor and the others spouses of
The most frequent
descendant, counted in number of biological lines, are Mikael Johansson [aCf GGG BbA:12] of Långaryd, born in 1991,
with 12 lines. He derives from four of the progenitor’s children.
persons come from all of the six grown-up children of the progenitor: Björn
and Marcus Carlberg [FbC pBd faA:8 och FbC pBd faB:8]
of Unnaryd, born in 1983 and 1987, and Matilda and Martin
Hjelmqvist [FbB Cbb BbB a:7 och FbB Cbb BbB B:7] of Långaryd,
born in 1988 and 1992.
The family members are
spread to all Sweden,
but the allocation is unequal. Most relatives live in the western part of
Götaland (Halland, western Småland, Västergötland with the city of
Göteborg, and Skåne) or in the Stockholm
area. Halmstad is that municipality with the highest number of family
members, 12 300; 14 percent of the inhabitants are family members. In the
municipalities of Hylte and Gislaved the counterparts are even higher.
The most frequent parent
in the family was Bengt Jönsson [FbC]
(1764–1855) of Bälhult, Långaryd. With his two wives he had 20 children,
born during the period of 1786–1824. In spite that eight of them died as
children, until his death he got 61 grandchildren (born from 1807), 48
great-grandchildren (from 1826) and 9 great-great-grandchildren (from
1849), totally 138 descendants. Several of them died before Bengt Jönsson.
After his death ten more grandchildren was born, and the complete number
Two family members have
given birth to 17 children within a single marriage: Laura Karlsson née
Strömberg [aDD cca b:3] (1881–1950) of Horshult, Långaryd,
between 1902 and 1927, and Axia Johansson née Davidsson
[baE fdC b] (1891–1974) of Jönköping between 1913 and 1936. The Långaryd
Family counts almost 300 families with 10 or more children.
The eldest member of the
Långaryd Family, hitherto, was Maria Christensson née Sjöholm
[baA KaC d]. She was born on April 26th, 1898 of Höja near
Ängelholm, and she died on March 26th, 2005, a month before
her 107th anniversary. She lived in Halmstad since the beginning
of the 20th century.
The numerous individuals of this family are
arranged and presented according to a system for accounting genealogical
material in a special form of pedigree and with systematic individual designations.
This system was designed by Per Andersson in the years of 1977–1982 and
was later partly improved.
The basic unit of this genealogical system is the
individual, the building stone of a family, and all descendants of the
progenitor are treated accordingly. The only qualification is the
biological fact that the person is an offspring of the progenitor's. Unlike
many other forms of family descriptions, here every other circumstance is
irrelevant, such as sex, agnatic family affiliation (i. e. descent on an
uninterrupted male line), what name is used, legitimate or illegitimate
birth, the holding of an inheritable dignity or possession, civil status,
age or social position.
The number of units of the family tree is
delimited by a cognatic selection with a common starting-point, i. e. the
total extent of all successors of the progenitor. The structure of all
units arranged among themselves means that the children of each descendant
are listed in order of their time of birth, the eldest child next to its
parent, so that each elder line will be completed before a younger line
succeeds, i. e. lineal primogeniture. All children, grandchildren etc of a
person are consequently presented before his or her younger brothers and
sisters. For each unit, i. e. person, values are aimed at to certain
variables mentioned below. The empirical genealogical material is presented
in a systematic way in a layout maximally compressed, in order to make it
possible to include and survey all persons belonging to the family.
In the book each descendant has got a unique
individual designation (individbeteckning, IB), a string of letters
that exactly states his or her place among the other descendants of the
large family, which would be very difficult to grasp without these distinctive
marks. The starting-point when constructing the IB of a descendant is the
progenitor. For each generation after him a letter is added up to and
including the designated descendant. The place of the letter in the
alphabet corresponds to the order of the individual among his or her
brothers and sisters. A male person is given an upper-case letter and a
female person a lower-case one. The letter units are grouped three together
from the left. Example: the eldest child of the progenitor, who is a daughter,
gets the designation of a, this daughter's third child, who is a son, aC,
and so on. The system can be fully extended and will not – which would be
the case with a current numbering of the descendants – be affected by new
individuals born in the middle of the family. In every group of brothers
and sisters there is room for at least as many children as the number of
letters in the alphabet.
The IB can be regarded as a concentrated
genealogical table showing the descendant's derivation from the progenitor.
From the designation one can gather the individual's sex and place among
brothers and sisters and other relatives. The number of letters in the IB
of a descendant states to which generation he or she belongs, counted from
the progenitor in generation number 0. The IB can also be converted into a
kinship term; e. g. CFc is a son's son's daughter of the progenitor.
Members of the family with equal number of letters in their designations
are collaterals, i. e. belonging to the same generation. By the difference
between upper- and lower-case letters in the IB it is also possible to
understand which ancestor of the descendant the progenitor is, for example
that EDa e counts him as her mother's father's father's father.
The generations of the family are numbered so that
the progenitor has his place in generation number 0, his children in
number 1, grandchildren 2, etc. The generation number thus corresponds to
the number of letters in each designation of the offspring in that generation.
At the top and at the bottom of each page of the book there are generation
numbers marking columns where the information on the family members of the
generation is to be found.
The relationship between two members of the family
can be gathered when comparing their IBs. Then you ignore the first part of
the designation which is identical for both of the persons. Even if the
relatives do not belong to the same generation after the progenitor, the
kinship stands out obviously, e. g. that gaB AA is a child of a first cousin
of gac A. When removing the last letter in the IB of a certain descendant
you will get the designation of the one of his or her parents who mediates
the family line to the progenitor.
Persons allied to a family member, such as
consorts and cohabitees, are given the IB of the descendant followed by g,
g1, g2, sb, sb1, sb2 etc respectively, after a hyphen, when they are
mentioned separately: Eh-g.
The lineal primogeniture means that the
descendants are listed in alphabetical order according to their IBs. In
case of a marriage between two persons both descending from the progenitor,
their offspring trace their origins from the progenitor in more than one
way. Then the descendants as a rule are listed on the pedigree at one of
the branches where they belong, with reference at the other contracting
party's own place.
Since the structure of related persons is the
vital point of genealogical knowledge, there is no aim for any biographical
description of the individual members of the family. Nor would this be possible
when the number of persons is so large. Thus the description of each of the
descendants has been concentrated to a pocketful of central variables with
the intention of answering the following questions: who (name), what
(title/profession), where (place), when (birth, death) and how
(the relations backwards, sideways and onwards). The personal name is the
term for identifying the individual. A title or profession information
indicates the person's social status and a place of living his geographical
abode. His and her chronological location comes out of year of birth and of
death. After that remains defining the person in the total system of
kinships in order to get knowledge about his or her relations to other
persons in the family. This is done partly by the systematical IB which
connects the descendant's genealogical environment, partly by mentioning
persons connected to a descendant without being related, e. g. married.
They represent brother- or sister-in-law junctions between families. The information
on each individual is normally compressed to occupy just one line in the
The information aimed at for each descendant is:
all Christian names with the name most commonly used given in upper-case
letters, patronymic (father-name, e. g. Eriksdotter), family name or
surname when unmarried, title/profession (noble descent, education,
profession, occupation, ancillary occupation such as officer in the
reserve, important commission of trust such as Member of Parliament,
official distinction such as state decoration), name of farm in parenthesis
after the profession for farmers, place of living, and date of birth and,
when applicable, date of death. In addition, for a descendant who is or has
been married or cohabiting or has issue outside marriage or cohabitation:
married from date or cohabited from year, divorced or separated, and the
same sort of information, except for place of living, on the allied person,
and last of all on his or her text line the number of children in this
alliance. With the principal purpose that both parents of each descendant
should be accounted, equal to a consort are: a cohaibitee, a betrothed
person (according to Swedish law before 1973) and otherwise the other
parent of an illegitimate child. The same thing applies to registered partnership
according to existing Swedish law. Within square brackets there may occur a
specification of the person's family belonging, e. g. the number of a
family introduced at the House of the Nobility or a reference to annual
volume of the Svenska släktkalendern (the Swedish Genealogical
Yearbook). In case both contracting parties are descendants of the
progenitor, there will be a reference by IB to the connected person’s own
place in the family. At a descendant deriving his or her origin from the
progenitor in more than one way the number of derivations is marked with
:2, :3, etc finally in his IB.
Each person is stated under his or her family name
(or surname or patronymic) when unmarried. Middle names are included, too,
if the person when unmarried got his or her surname from the one parent and
the middle name from the other. If a person has changed namnes, the new one
is written after a vertical slash. The family name or surname of a male
person married (or in another way allied) into the family is stated in bold
type, as in other cases when a name of that sort referring to a descendant
of the progenitor's occurs for the first time in a coherent text party. A
family name or surname in italics marks a female ally, i. e. in most cases a
wife. The name most commonly used is given within brackets, if it is not
one of the official Christian names after these names, but always before a
patronymic if there is one.
For spatial placement the place of living is used.
That information is considered as more apt than place of birth and place of
death, which at least for descendants of our time are rather insignificant
due to more frequent geographical moving. Deceased members of the family
are mentioned with the place where they lived during most of their
lifetime. The place information may consist of a city, town, parish or the
place in the postal address. The name of a Swedish parish is always
accompanied by a county abbreviation (see the list of abbreviations).
The following abbreviations are used for the main
genealogical constants: g (g1, g2, etc) for married (”to” is
excluded after the year of marriage), tr for betrothed, sb
for cohabiting, bp for the other parent of a child born outside a
relation of the types mentioned, and rp for registered partnership.
When these abbreviations occur in the column to the right of the systematical
designations their function is to state who is the other parent of the
descendant, which is the case when the parent who is a member of the family
has had more than one wife/husband or the like. A figure in brackets after
g, g1, g2 etc states marriage number, if there were more than one, of the
allied person; this is the custom until the year of 1900. Example: g1(2)
means ”married for the first time in spouse's second marriage”. Adopted
children and foster-children are distinguished by the abbreviations ad
and fo respectively.
Professions and titles are abbreviated by
excluding suffixes such as -are, -erska and -ande.
Abbreviations moreover follow the abbreviation list of the book and general
Since the family book is a historical description
and not only a current calendar, marks such as ”formerly” and ”emeritus”
in connection with professions and positions that are no longer practised
or held do not occur. Titles depending on age or civil status, such as
”retirement pensioner” and ”wife”, are not listed, and the same applies to
”student” up to and including upper secondary school (senior high school)
and a noble title acquired through marriage.
Time information given without an exact date or
year states approximately, with the addition of an abbreviation of circa or
an indication that it is counted from age (Sw. ålder) information, e. g.
Adopted children and their offspring are accounted
in the same way as biological descendants, but their individual
designations contain the marking / at the generation change where the
adoption took place, and the data about the adopted person start with the
year of adoption. In certain cases foster-children are treated in the same
way as adopted children, especially before today's way of adoption came
Missing data about conditions during a period when
the person in question has been followed are marked out with three dots, e.
g. ”g 18830913-19…”. The marking ”, …, …” after a personal name means that
profession as well as place of living are missing. There is, however, no
mark for lack of information about Christian names other than the one most
commonly used as well as information about which of the Christian names is
the one most commonly used.
In the column furthest to the right in the family
presentation there is information given that either further offspring
exist or may exist or that a line is extinct. After each person married (or
the like) into the family there is stated the number of children born in
that relation. When a deceased member of the family has no such relation at
all, the information on him or her ends with the abbreviation og
(unmarried) which shows that no offspring exists. Correspondingly the
information on a person deceased when still a child and without any
offspring ends with du (dead young) if the year of death is missing.
The mark > means that descendants, if there are any, have not been
completely investigated. In case a descendant has not been followed till
his or her death or until today, there may be information about the last
known removal (from place, moving year and to place), e. g. Långaryd F 1883
NAm; NAm = North America.
When in search of persons in the extensive
material you can use, in addition to the systematical account of relatives,
the two alfabetical indexes, one for family
names – including surnames according to the Personal Name Act
of 1982 – and one for place
In the family name index references are given to
the page in the books of 2006 where the name occurs for the first time in a
coherent text party, which means the bold-typed and italicized names in
the genealogy. The most frequent Swedish family names (Andersson, Axelsson, Bengtsson, Carlsson, Claesson, Danielsson,
Davidsson, Eriksson, Gustafsson, Gustavsson, Hansson, Jacobsson, Jakobsson,
Jansson, Johansson, Johnson, Johnsson, Jonsson, Jönsson, Karlsson,
Klasson, Larsson, Magnusson, Nilsson, Olofsson, Olsson, Persson,
Petersson, Pettersson, Samuelsson och Svensson)
are excluded since the number of persons with each of them is so great
that references to them all would make efficient searching impossible. As a
substitute in such cases you may find the way by searching a more
distinctive name among the closest relatives of the person wanted, or by
searching a place name.
A purpose of the place name index is to be complementary
to the family name index for the time before family names became common and
when most people instead used patronymics but were commonly known under a
geographical attribute, often the name of a farm or a croft. In the place
name index there are listed names of hamlets and farms as well as parishes
and towns and similar population centres. References to the most frequent
places (Falkenberg, Göteborg, Halmstad, Hyltebruk,
Jönköping, Lund, Långaryd, Malmö och Stockholm) are excluded because of the large amount of
descendants living there.
Upphovsrätt/Copyright © 2004–2014 Per Andersson & Johan